Our march to freedom is irreversible.
We must not allow fear to stand in our way. – Nelson Mandela
On July 7, 1918, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela is born in Mvezo, South Africa. Nelson Mandela was the son of Chief Henry Mandela of the Madiba clan of the Xhosa-speaking Tembu people Nelson Mandela, Age (Biography), Life, Death, & Facts.
When Nelson Mandela was a young man, white and black people in South Africa lived separate lives under a system called apartheid. White people, who were a small part of the population, were in charge of the country.
It was illegal for black people to use the same schools, hospitals and even beaches as white people. Conditions in whites-only schools and hospitals were much better.
Black people were also denied basic rights, like being allowed to vote in elections. But Nelson Mandela believed that everybody should be treated equally.
Mandela joined a political party called the African National Congress (ANC) and later co-founded the ANC Youth League, leading protests against apartheid.
“I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die. ”Speech from the Dock quote by Nelson Mandela on 20 April 1964
He attended primary school in Qunu where his teacher, Miss Mdingane, gave him the name Nelson, in accordance with the custom of giving all schoolchildren “Christian” names.
He completed his Junior Certificate at Clarkebury Boarding Institute and went on to Healdtown, a Wesleyan secondary school of some repute, where he matriculated.
Mandela began his studies for a Bachelor of Arts degree at the University College of Fort Hare but did not complete the degree there as he was expelled for joining in a student protest.
On his return to the Great Place at Mqhekezweni the King was furious and said if he didn’t return to Fort Hare he would arrange wives for him and his cousin Justice. They ran away to Johannesburg instead, arriving there in 1941. There he worked as a mine security officer and after meeting Walter Sisulu, an estate agent, he was introduced to Lazer Sidelsky. He then did his articles through a firm of attorneys – Witkin, Eidelman and Sidelsky.
He completed his BA through the University of South Africa and went back to Fort Hare for his graduation in 1943.
Meanwhile, he began studying for an LLB at the University of the Witwatersrand. By his own admission he was a poor student and left the university in 1952 without graduating. He only started studying again through the University of London after his imprisonment in 1962 but also did not complete that degree.
In 1989, while in the last months of his imprisonment, he obtained an LLB through the University of South Africa. He graduated in absentia at a ceremony in Cape Town.
The first wife of Nelson Mandela, whom he married in 1944 and divorced in 1958. She died in 2004 of respiratory problems.
Mandela’s second wife, whom he married in 1958. They separated in 1992 and divorced in 1996. She is a social worker, activist and controversial ANC politician in her own right.
Mandela’s third wife, whom he married in 1998. A Mozambican politician and humanitarian worker. She is the widow of Samora Machel, Mozambique’s first president.
Born in 1945, Mandela’s first son was killed in a car crash when he was 25. Mandela was in prison at the time and was not permitted to attend his child’s funeral.
Mandela’s eldest daughter died aged just nine months. His next daughter was named Makaziwe in her honour.
Mandela’s second son died of Aids-related diseases in 2005. After his son’s death, Mandela said: “Let us give publicity to HIV/Aids and not hide it…”. Makgatho’s eldest son, Mandla, is the family heir and chief of the Traditional Council in Mvezo – birthplace of his grandfather.
Named in honour of her older sister, who died some years earlier. Of the four children born to Evelyn and Mandela, Makaziwe is the only one still living. She has held senior university positions and has worked at the Development Bank of Southern Africa.
The eldest daughter of Mandela and his second wife, Winnie. She is South Africa’s ambassador to Argentina and is married to Prince Thumbumuzi Dlamini of Swaziland.
Businesswoman and managing trustee of the Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund. With Mandela jailed in 1962, neither she nor her sister saw much of their father during their childhood.
Presidency And Retirement
In April 1994 the Mandela-led ANC won South Africa’s first elections by universal suffrage, and on May 10 Mandela was sworn in as president of the country’s first multiethnic government. He established in 1995 the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), which investigated human rights violations under apartheid, and he introduced housing, education, and economic development initiatives designed to improve the living standards of the country’s black population. In 1996 he oversaw the enactment of a new democratic constitution. Mandela resigned his post with the ANC in December 1997, transferring leadership of the party to his designated successor, Thabo Mbeki. Mandela and Madikizela-Mandela had divorced in 1996, and in 1998 Mandela married Graca Machel, the widow of Samora Machel, the former Mozambican president and leader of Frelimo.
Mandela did not seek a second term as South African president and was succeeded by Mbeki in 1999. After leaving office Mandela retired from active politics but maintained a strong international presence as an advocate of peace, reconciliation, and social justice, often through the work of the Nelson Mandela Foundation, established in 1999. He was a founding member of the Elders, a group of international leaders established in 2007 for the promotion of conflict resolution and problem solving throughout the world. In 2008 Mandela was feted with several celebrations in South Africa, Great Britain, and other countries in honour of his 90th birthday.
Mandela Day, observed on Mandela’s birthday, was created to honour his legacy by promoting community service around the world. It was first observed on July 18, 2009, and was sponsored primarily by the Nelson Mandela Foundation and the 46664 initiative (the foundation’s HIV/AIDS global awareness and prevention campaign); later that year the United Nations declared that the day would be observed annually as Nelson Mandela International Day.
Mandela’s writings and speeches were collected in I Am Prepared to Die (1964; rev. ed. 1986), No Easy Walk to Freedom (1965; updated ed. 2002), The Struggle Is My Life (1978; rev. ed. 1990), and In His Own Words (2003). The autobiography Long Walk to Freedom, which chronicles his early life and years in prison, was published in 1994. An unfinished draft of his second volume of memoirs was completed by Mandla Langa and released posthumously as Dare Not Linger: The Presidential Years (2017).
Nelson Mandela’s death on December 5, 2013, Mandela has been an inspirational figure to people around the world—especially to proponents of racial justice and equality. In addition to being an icon of resistance and perseverance, Mandela was also a symbol of peace, having presided over the transition from apartheid to multiracial democracy and having pursued a plan of national reconciliation.
|Real Full Birth Name||Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela|
|Profession||philanthropist , peace activist, lawyer, statesperson, writer, social activist|
|Famous for||best known for successfully leading the resistance to South Africa’s policy of apartheid in the 20th century, during which he was infamously incarcerated at Robben Island Prison (1964–82).|
|Age||95 years old.|
|Date of Birth (DOB), Birthday||18 July 1918,|
|Birthplace/Hometown||Mvezo, South Africa|
|Social Media Account Stats||https://www.facebook.com/nelsonmandela/ Tweets by NelsonMandela|
|Sun Sign (Zodiac Sign)||Libra|
|Current Residence||South Africa|
Inches: 6′ 0″.|
Centimeters: 185 cm.
Meters: 1.85 m.
Pounds: 194.1 lbs.
|Body Measurements (Breast-waist-hips)||-.|
|Shoe Size (UK)||–|
|Eye Color||Dark brown|
|Hair Color||chocolate brown|
|Parents||Father- Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa. Mother- Noqaphi Nosekeni.|
|Personal Life Relationship|
|Girlfriend||Alejandro Gómez Arias|
|Spouse Name||Graça Machel (m. 1998–2013), Winnie Mandela (m. 1958–1996), Evelyn Mase (m. 1944–1958)|
|Children||Makaziwe Mandela, Makgatho Mandela, Zenani Mandela-Dlamini, Zindzi Mandela, Madiba Thembekile Mandela, Makaziwe Mandela.|
|Highest Qualification||Will Update.|
|Alma Mater.||Will Update.|
|Hobbies & Favorite Things||–|
|Dream Holiday Destination||–|
|Love to do||–|
|Net worth (approx.)||–|
|Salary, Income & Earnings||–|
|Mobile or Phone Number||Not Known.|
|Home Details||Mvezo, South Africa|
|Email Address||Not found.|