Karl Marx, (Biography), Books, Theory, & Facts

by Alessia Smith
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Karl Marx was born in 1818 in Trier, Germany. He was descended from a long line of Rabbis, but his family converted to Christianity when he was six in order to assimilate with German society. At the posh and prestigious University of Bonn, he racked up huge debts, was imprisoned for drunkenness and disturbing the peace, and got into a duel Karl Marx, (Biography), Books, Theory, & Facts.

He also wanted to become a drama critic. Displeased, Marx’s father sent him to the more serious University of Berlin, where he joined a group of philosophers known as the Young Hegelians who were extremely sceptical of modern economics and politics.

Soon Marx became involved with the Communist party, a tiny group of intellectuals advocating for the overthrow of the class system and the abolition of private property. He worked as a journalist and secretly became engaged to a wealthy young woman, Jenny von Westphalen. Due to his political activity, the young couple had to flee Germany and eventually settled in London.

Marx wrote an enormous number of books and articles, sometimes with his friend Friedrich Engels. Some of the most important are Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right (1843), The Holy Family (1845), Theses on Feuerbach (1845), 1844 Manuscripts, The German Ideology (1845), The Communist Manifesto (1848), Critique of the Gotha Program (1875), and the very long Capital (1867-1894).

The Communist Manifesto summarizes Marx and Engels’s theories about the nature of society and politics and is an attempt to explain the goals of Marxism, and, later, socialism. When writing The Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels explained how they thought capitalism was unsustainable and how the capitalist society that existed at the time of the writing would eventually be replaced by a socialist one.

Das Kapital (full title: Capital: A Critique of Political Economy) was a critique of capitalism. By far the more academic work, it lays forth Marx’s theories on commodities, labor markets, the division of labor and a basic understanding of the rate of return to owners of capital.

The exact origins of the term “capitalism” in English are unclear, it appears that Karl Marx was not the first to use the word “capitalism” in English, although he certainly contributed to the rise of its use. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the English word was first used by author William Thackeray in 1854, in his novel The Newcomes, who intended it to mean a sense of concern about personal possessions and money in general. While it’s unclear whether either Thackeray or Marx was aware of the other’s work, both men meant the word to have a pejorative ring.

Marx died of pleurisy in London on March 14, 1883. While his original grave had only a nondescript stone, the Communist Party of Great Britain erected a large tombstone, including a bust of Marx, in 1954. The stone is etched with the last line of The Communist Manifesto (“Workers of all lands unite”), as well as a quote from the Theses on Feuerbach.

Karl Marx, (Biography), Books, Theory, & Facts

karl marx achievements

  • HE PUT FORWARD THE THEORY OF ALIENATION CONCERNING THE WORKER UNDER CAPITALISM
  • HE AUTHORED THE FAMOUS MARXIST THEORY OF HISTORICAL MATERIALISM
  • HIS CONCEPT OF CLASS STRUGGLE WAS HIGHLY INFLUENTIAL
  • KARL MARX CO-AUTHORED THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO
  • COMMUNIST MANIFESTO IS CONSIDERED ONE OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL POLITICAL MANUSCRIPTS EVER
  • HE WROTE THE GROUNDBREAKING WORK DAS KAPITAL
  • HE WAS A LEADING MEMBER OF THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL
  • HIS WORK IN ECONOMICS LAID THE FOUNDATION FOR UNDERSTANDING LABOR AND ITS RELATION TO CAPITAL
  • KARL MARX IS CONSIDERED THE FOUNDER OF MODERN SOCIOLOGY
  • HE WAS ONE OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL FIGURES IN HISTORY
Karl Marx, (Biography), Books, Theory, & Facts
Wiki/Bio
Real Full Birth Name Karl Heinrich Marx
Nick name Karl Mark
Profession Philosopher, Historian, Revolutionary, Economist, Politician, Sociologist, Intellectual, Journalist
Famous for Theories about capitalism and communism.
Age 64 years old.
Date of Birth (DOB), Birthday 5 May 1818
Birthplace/Hometown Trier, Germany
Nationality Germany
Gender Male.
Sexuality Straight.
Religion Atheist
Current Residence Germany
Physical Statistics
Height (Tall) Feet & Inches: 5′ 7″.
Centimeters: 175 cm.
Meters: 1.75 m.
Eye Color Black.
Hair Color Iron-gray.
Family
Parents Father: Name not Known
Mother: Will update
Siblings Louise JutaEmilie ConradiHermann Marx,
Famous Relatives Grandparents:
Uncle:
Aunt:
Personal Life Relationship
Marital Status Yes
Husband/Spouse Name Jenny von Westphalen
Children Eleanor MarxLaura MarxJenny Marx LonguetEdgar MarxJenny Eveline Frances MarxHenry Edward Guy Marx.
Education
Highest Qualification Will update
School Will Update
Alma Mater. Will Update.
Wealth
Net worth (approx.) $232,000
Salary, Income & Earnings Under review.
Contact Details
Mobile or Phone Number Not Known.
Home Details House in Melbourne & Delhi.
Office Address None.
Official Website NA.
Email Address Not found.

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